Xamarin Forms in Visual Studio 2017
Tuesday, August 22, 2017 at 1:18PM
lessCode

I recently had a chance to revisit the latest state of cross-platform mobile development in Visual Studio. I haven’t been able to spend as much time as I’d have liked to have done in this area. The prospect of being able to architect a single application that can run under three different UI platforms (iOS, Android and UWP) is very compelling.

I have in the past built out applications, based on the Model-View-ViewModel separated presentation pattern, that were able to push about 75% of the code burden into shared models and view models that could drive separate WPF, Silverlight and (to a more limited extent) ASP.NET MVC UI implementations. Unfortunately, at that time Silverlight was already being regarded as a dead man walking, even for internal line-of-business apps. User interfaces are by far the least stable aspects of any application architecture, and UI technologies seem to evolve rapidly, so an architecture that can keep the UI layer as thin as possible is valuable for keeping ongoing maintenance costs in check.

Xamarin Primer

Xamarin was formed by the original creators of Mono (a cross-platform .NET CLR), and was acquired last year by Microsoft, which then quickly offered the Xamarin bits as a part of Visual Studio. Their are two versions of Xamarin “Native” (for iOS and Android), which allow for native apps on those respective platforms to be developed in C#. There is also Xamarin Forms, which is essentially a subset of UI components that can be used to build an application that can be deployed to both iOS and Android, in addition to Windows UWP “Store” apps (also on the Mac, but I’m not planning to try that). The apps are still native to each respective platform – this is not a “common-look-and-feel” proposition like you would have had back in the Java Swing/AWT days.

The Initial Xamarin Experience in Visual Studio 2017

Coming from a WPF background, I’m very familiar with XAML and MVVM, so I expected that Xamarin Forms app development would be fairly straightforward. For me there are some early annoyances and rough edges:

I’m now looking at converting the PCL that represents the core Xamarin app logic into a .NET Standard library instead. This allows for a larger target surface area of the .NET API and simplifies the project files, but requires some manual work to convert (again I don’t see any tooling support for this yet in Visual Studio). Stay tuned for how that goes…

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